Programme owners and programme managers
While "programme managers" are national or regional research councils and funding agencies managing research programmes, "programme owners" are national ministries and regional authorities defining research programmes.
They are a critical stakeholder in the European Research Area - ERA not only in their capacity of research managers and policy makers, but also for strategic reasons. Currently, the vast bulk of research programmes in Europe are run in an isolated way, leading to unwanted fragmentation or ineffectiveness. However, major societal challenges require a more coordinated action, national programme managers and owners, therefore, are crucial to pool national research efforts and resources to tackle common European challenges more effectively in a few key areas. Thus, programme managers and owners of the different Member States play a crucial role if the development of joint programming initiatives and in the ERA-NETs and ERA-NETs +. Furthermore they can also be beneficiaries of the calls for proposals organised by the Joint Technology Initiatives - JTIs.